Strengthening Families has had its greatest impact by not only changing practice in programs, but by changing the systems that help to govern how programs operate, are held accountable and are resourced. Across the country the Strengthening Families framework is being used both within the key systems that govern programs for children and families and as a common framework for aligning practice and approaches across systems. This section of the website provides more detail on thinking on using a Strengthening Frame to support cross-systems collaboration; tools to support the many cross-sector leadership teams leading the Strengthening Families work across the country; and tools and information to support Strengthening Families work within four key implementation sectors—early care and education, child abuse and neglect prevention, home visiting and child welfare.
While it can benefit families when a single program or system (or even a single worker) focuses on helping them build protective factors, the true benefits of Strengthening Families implementation come when it is implemented across systems. The Protective Factors Framework provides a common language and set of outcomes to help leaders and workers across systems find ways to work together to make the greatest impact.
Engaging Many Partners: Messaging at the Intersections
CSSP has developed materials to help programs and states initiate discussions with new stakeholders around how Strengthening Families relates to their work. The idea is to bring the message to new groups of professionals who interact with children and families on a regular basis. To date these one-pagers include why the work is important and initial action steps that can be taken by:
Tools for Strengthening Families Leadership Teams
Leading and coordinating Strengthening Families efforts requires a cross-systems, collaborative approach. Learn about the core functions of implementing Strengthening Families at any level, find tools for reaching out to new partners and see other tools for leadership teams below.
- Leading and Coordinating Strengthening Families Efforts (PowerPoint)
- Core Functions of Strengthening Families Implementation - Strengthening Families is implemented in a wide variety of programs, agencies, systems, communities and states. Across all of these settings, implementation includes five core functions.
- Overview handout
- Core Functions and Roles at Each Level of Strengthening Families Implementation
- Leadership Team Roles
- Coordinating a Strengthening Families Initiative
- Tools to Support Strengthening Families Implementation (PowerPoint)
- Tools to Support Strengthening Families Implementation (1-pager)
- Integrating Strengthening Families into Grantmaking for Child and Family-Serving Programs – coming soon
- Communications Tools
- Monthly Networking Calls Archive
Implementation in Early Care and Education Systems
Across the country, Strengthening Families is being used to reshape how early care and education programs engage parents – and how early childhood systems at the state and local level can encourage, support and incentivize those changes.
Self-Assessments and Presentations
- Strengthening Families Self-Assessment for Center-Based Early Care and Education Programs
- Strengthening Families Self-Assessment for Family Child Care Providers
- Strengthening Families through Early Care and Education Programs (PowerPoint)
- Early Childhood Program Accountability: Cross Walks Between Strengthening Families, Head Start Performance Standards and NAEYC Accreditation Standards (PowerPoint)
State Approaches to Integrating Strengthening Families into Quality Rating and Improvement
Strengthening Families identifies what early care and education programs can do to help parents support their children’s development and to build strong relationships between family members and staff. At its core, Strengthening Families is about parent and family engagement. This issue brief demonstrates the advantages of using Strengthening Families, describes implementation tools, and highlights state approaches to integrating Strengthening Families into QRIS.
Strengthening Families and Head Start
- Strengthening Families and the Head Start Parent, Family and Community Engagement Framework - This paper explores the alignment between the Center for the Study of Social Policy’s (CSSP’s) Strengthening Families approach and the Head Start Parent, Family and Community Engagement (PFCE) Framework.
- How Strengthening Families Helps Programs Meet Head Start Performance Standards - This document presents a crosswalk between the concrete, everyday actions that programs can take to implement Strengthening Families (as delineated in the Strengthening Families center-based program self-assessment tool) and the Head Start performance standards (45 CFR 1301-1311.
- Head Start Program Performance Standards and Other Regulations
Strengthening Families and the Race to the Top – Early Learning Challenge
Implementation in Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Systems
Strengthening Families is being broadly used in states to reframe prevention efforts and engage partners who previously did not see themselves as having a role to play in child abuse and neglect prevention.
Self-Assesment and Presentation
- Strengthening Families Self-Assessment for Community-Based Programs
- Strengthening Families: A New Approach to Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention (PowerPoint) - coming soon
Strengthening Families and Other Prevention Initiatives
- Strengthening Families and Essentials for Early Childhood
- View Webinar for State Partners (Recorded Nov. 21, 2014, running time: 61 minutes)
- Download webinar slides.
- Strengthening Families and Essentials for Early Childhood One-Pager
- Strengthening Families and Relationship and Marriage Education
Listen to a recording of a webinar on this topic (held March 10, 2016)
- Connect the Dots: Building a Movement for Children and Families
- Making the Link with Evidence-Based Prevention Programs - Families can get support for building protective factors through many different programs, including evidence-based programs and practice models. CSSP has worked with the developers of the frameworks and programs listed below to help “make the link” between these programs and the Strengthening Families protective factors.
- Choosing a Program Self-Assessment Tool for a Family Strengthening and Support Program: Family strengthening and support programs have a variety of tools to choose between when it comes to self-assessment and quality improvement. CSSP, FRIENDS Resource Center and the National Network of Family Support and Strengthening Networks partnered to develop “Selecting a Family Support & Strengthening Program Assessment Tool: An Overview for Program Leaders and Funders.”
- Download the guide
- Access supplementary materials: http://friendsnrc.org/program-assessment
- Learn more about the Strengthening Families Self-Assessment for Community-Based Programs, the Standards of Quality for Family Strengthening & Support Program Self-Assessment and FRIENDS’ Understanding the Role of Program Assessment in Child Abuse Prevention: Tools for Peer Review and Beyond
Implementation in Home Visiting Systems
Strengthening Families is used as a framework for coordinating and aligning across different home visiting program models – and as a shared outcomes framework with the many other services and supports families need.
Self-Assesment and Presentation
- Strengthening Families Self-assessment for Home Visiting Programs
- Strengthening Families through Home Visiting (PowerPoint)
Strengthening Families and Home Visiting Models
- Connecting Strengthening Families with Home Visiting Strategies - Across the country there is expanded interest and investment in home visiting programs. Many states across the country are using Strengthening Families™ as a framework for coordinating and aligning services across home visiting program models and between home visiting programs and the many other services and supports families need. This brief articulates why and how Strengthening Families can contribute to home visiting efforts and provides examples from some of the states actively working in this way.
- Making the Link with Evidence-Based Home Visiting Programs - Families can get support for building protective factors through many different programs, including evidence-based programs and practice models. CSSP has worked with the developers of the frameworks and programs listed below to help “make the link” between these programs and the Strengthening Families protective factors.
Other Tools for Home Visiting
Implementation in Child Welfare Systems
A growing number of states are adopting Strengthening Families as a framework for supporting the well-being of children in child welfare by focusing on the protective factors of their caregivers.
- Strengthening Families through Child Welfare Systems (PowerPoint) – under development
- Strengthening Families through Child Welfare Practice (PowerPoint) – under development
Practice Tools for Child Welfare
These tools were developed by CSSP with partners in child welfare systems that were shifting to a protective factors approach. The tools are designed to help child welfare workers use a protective factors lens at important points in a child welfare case. In addition, “Taking Care of Yourself” helps workers to think about the protective factors in their own lives in the context of their difficult work. Finally, a guide for coaching to a protective factors approach helps supervisors reinforce the approach and support workers’ efforts to shift their practice.
- Strengthening Families and Child Welfare Practice Skills
- Using Protective Factors to Identify Relevant Strengths
- Strengthening Families and Teaming
- Using Protective Factors to Develop Case Plans
- Building Protective Factors during Casework Visits
- Using Protective Factors as a Lens to Monitor Progress toward Case Closure
- Practice Reflection Tools
- Coaching on Protective and Promotive Factors: A Guide for Supervisors
- Taking Care of Yourself: Self-care handouts
Other Resources for Child Welfare System Implementation
- Strengthening Families through the Title IV-E Waiver Demonstration Projects - Five states were awarded federal Title IV-E waivers in 2013 for demonstration projects in child welfare that will use Strengthening Families approaches to improve child safety, permanency and well-being. This issue brief outlines how the Strengthening Families Protective Factors Framework can inform IV-E waivers, summarizes the five state projects that have just begun and provides tips for other states and jurisdictions that wish to explore applying for IV-E waivers related to Strengthening Families.
- Practice Guide for Connecticut Caseworkers Serving Infants, Toddlers and Young Children - This practice guide developed for the Connecticut Department of Children and Families provides concrete guidance and tools that caseworkers, supervisors and decision-makers in other child welfare systems may also find useful. Other states and jurisdictions may customize this guide for their own use by contacting CSSP.
- ACYF Literature Review - In 2012, the Administration for Children, Youth and Families (ACYF) funded the Developmental Services Group to conduct a review of the research literature for their four priority populations: infants, children and adolescents who are victims of, or are at risk of, child abuse and neglect; runaway and homeless youth; youth in or transitioning out of foster care; children and youth exposed to domestic violence; pregnant and parenting teens.
- CSSP has cross-walked the research literature from this review to the protective factors framework and developed an overview of the alignment between the findings.
- The Child Welfare Information Gateway published an issue brief about ACYF’s literature review, the Centers for Disease Control’s Essentials for Childhood framework and CSSP’s protective and promotive factors framework.
- Making the Link with Child Welfare Practice Models - Families can get support for building protective factors through many different programs, including evidence-based programs and practice models. CSSP has worked with the developers of the frameworks and programs listed below to help “make the link” between these programs and the Strengthening Families protective factors.
Early Childhood - LINC
A learning and innovation network developed by and for communities, EC-LINC's mission is to support families and improve results for young children in communities across the country with a focus on accelerating the development of effective, integrated, local early childhood systems.
Co-sponsored by the CSSP and the Children’s Services Council of Palm Beach County, Early Childhood-LINC works to:
- Create a "community of communities" that fuels learning and innovation to tackle the toughest shared challenges and demonstrate results.
- Build and disseminate knowledge about the range of community-based efforts across the country.
- Develop opportunities for local leaders and state and federal policymakers to work together to accelerate strategies that improve results for children and families.